As suggested by its name, the Formal Garden is perfectly arranged and structured for a ‘formal’ appearance. This style of garden is perfect for those who like to experiment with geometric layouts and partitioned garden sections. Think squares of pristine lawn, lines of perfect Cyprus trees, rustic urns, manicured hedges and stone courtyard areas. Symmetry is often utilised in the Formal Garden, and grand central focal features such as a water fountain can be used. Perfectly pruned and shaped hedges and shrubs are arranged with stone pathways and pillars, which help to create the formal atmosphere. The predominant colours of a formal garden will be green and white or grey stone. Coloured flowers can be used, however they will be symmetrical and formally arranged in pots or manicured garden beds.
Stone pots can be featured in the Formal Garden, as well as statues and figurines. Natural paving is common, and hedges can be layered to create depth. Carefully consider the use of lines, courtyards and focal points. Flowers can be contained in boxes, troughs or pots of compartmentalised colour. Most often, bright green shrubs and plants such as rosemary or Gardenia and hedges are used to create boxes of green set against cool white gravel or paved walkways. White is the colour of choice for formal gardens, and it is most effective to mix clusters of white blooms against green foliage and hedges. White can also lighten and brighten any shady area. For those who love a bit of colour, lavender can be used to add a pop of royal purple.
As the Formal Garden is designed with the use of lines and shapes, it is suitable for any size of garden. For the truly skilled gardener, topiary can create a particularly effective formal garden feature. Try to use repetition and not add too many design elements. Create balance by mirroring shapes, colours and plants. Simple plants such as liriope and buxus can be used, so this garden style can be grown in any condition. If a large garden is not available to create extensive courtyards, paved walkways, pencil pines and garden features – potted plants and small hedges can be used in small gardens to have the same effect. We stock a range of products such as pebbles and bluestone steppers that can help you achieve the desired Formal Garden appearance.